Proverbs 14:4


“Where there are no oxen, the manger is clean, but abundant crops come by the strength of the ox” (Proverbs 14:4, English Standard Version) For some reason, the above verse in Proverbs has always intrigued me. I’m not sure why. My knowledge of animals and agriculture is limited at best. As a city gal, the biggest animals I see are the squirrels in my tree and the neighbor’s dog. To understand this verse, I decided to do a little research on oxen. Oxen, I learned, are really cattle who are selected to work as draft animals. Since around 4,000 BC,…